Kurt Donald Cobain (February 20, 1967 â€“ c. April 5, 1994) was an American musician who was best known as the lead singer, guitarist, and primary songwriter of the grunge band...

After signing with major label DGC Records, the band found breakthrough success with "Smells Like Teen Spirit" from its second album Nevermind (1991). Following the success of Nevermind, Nirvana was labeled "the flagship band" of...

During the last years of his life, Cobain struggled with heroin addiction, illness and depression. He also had difficulty coping with his fame and...

Cobain was born on February 20, 1967, at Grays Harbor Hospital in Aberdeen, Washington, to a waitress,...

Cobain's Irish ancestors migrated from Carrickmore, County Tyrone, in the north of Ireland in 1875.:7 Researchers found they were shoemakers, originally named "Cobane," who came from Inishatieve, a...

Cobain's family had a musical background: his maternal uncle, Chuck Fradenburg, played in a band called The Beachcombers; his aunt, Mari Earle, played guitar and performed in bands throughout Grays Harbor County; and his great-uncle,...

Cobain began developing an interest in music early in life. According to Mari, he began singing at the age of two years. At age four, he started playing the piano and singing, writing a...

When Kurt was seven years old, his parents divorced.:20 He later said that the divorce had a profound effect on his life,...

"I remember feeling ashamed, for some reason. I was ashamed of my parents. I couldn't face some of my friends at school...

Cobain's parents both found new partners after the divorce. Although his father had promised not to remarry, after meeting Jenny...

Cobain behaved insolently toward adults during this period of his youth, and began bullying another boy at school. These behaviors eventually caused his father and Westeby to take him to a...

Kurt's teenage rebellion quickly became overwhelming for his father, who placed his son in the care of family and...

Although disinterested in sports, Cobain was enrolled in a junior high school wrestling team at the insistence...

Cobain befriended a homosexual student at school and suffered bullying from heterosexual students who concluded that he was gay. In an interview, he said that he liked being...

Kurt would often draw during school classes as part of his enjoyment of creating visual art. He would draw objects, including those associated...

As attested to by several of Cobain's classmates and family members, the first concert he attended was Sammy Hagar and...

During his second year in high school, Cobain began living with his mother in Aberdeen. Two weeks prior to graduation, he dropped out of Aberdeen High School, upon realizing that he did not have enough credits...

In late 1986, Cobain moved into an apartment, paying his rent by working at "The Polynesian Resort," a Polynesian coastal resort approximately 20 miles (32 km) north of Aberdeen.:43 During this...

During his time with Marander, Cobain spent most of his time sleeping into the late evening, watching television, and concentrating on art...

Soon after his separation from Marander, Cobain began dating Tobi Vail, an influential punk zinester of...

Cobain and Vail spent most of their time together as a couple discussing political and philosophical issues. In 1990 they...

would play the songs he was writing, I would play the songs I was writing and we'd record them on my dad's four-track. Sometimes I'd sing on the songs he was writing and play drums on them ... He was really into...

Slim Moon described their sound as "... like the minimal quiet pop songs that Olympia is known for. Both of them sang; it was really good."...

On his 14th birthday on February 20, 1981, Cobain's uncle offered him either a bike or a used guitar—he chose the guitar. Soon, he was mastering Led Zeppelin's power ballad,...

During high school, Cobain rarely found anyone with whom he could play music. While hanging out at the Melvins' practice...

Religion appeared to remain significant to Cobain during this time, as he often used Christian imagery in his work, and maintained a...

Cobain was disenchanted after early touring, due to the band's inability to draw substantial crowds and the difficulty of...

With Nevermind's lead single, "Smells Like Teen Spirit," Nirvana entered the mainstream, popularizing a subgenre of alternative rock called "grunge." Since their debut, Nirvana has sold over 25 million albums in the United...

The success of Nevermind provided numerous Seattle bands, such as Alice in Chains, Pearl Jam, and Soundgarden, access to wider audiences. As a result, alternative rock became a...

Cobain struggled to reconcile the massive success of Nirvana with his underground roots. He also felt persecuted by the media, comparing himself to Frances Farmer. He began to harbor resentment against people who...

Cobain was a vocal supporter of the pro-choice movement and Nirvana was involved in L7's Rock for Choice campaign. He received death threats from a small number of anti-abortion activists for participating in the pro-choice...

The Beatles were an early and lasting influence on Cobain; his aunt Mari remembers him singing "Hey Jude" at the age of two.:9 "My aunts would give me Beatles records," Cobain told Jon Savage in 1993, "so for the most part [I...

Cobain was also a fan of 1970s hard rock and heavy metal bands, including Led Zeppelin, AC/DC, Black Sabbath, Aerosmith, Queen, and Kiss. Nirvana occasionally played cover songs by these bands, including...

Punk rock proved to be a profound influence on a teenaged Cobain's attitude and artistic style. His first punk rock album was Sandinista! by The Clash,:169 but he became a bigger fan of a fellow 1970s...

Cobain was also a fan of protopunk acts like the Stooges, whose 1973 album Raw Power he listed as his favorite of all time in his journals, and The Velvet Underground, whose 1968 song "Here She Comes Now" the band covered both live...

The 1980s American alternative rock band Pixies were instrumental in helping an adult Cobain develop his own songwriting style. In a 1992 interview with Melody Maker,...

Cobain's appreciation of early alternative rock bands also extended to Sonic Youth and R.E.M., both of which the members of Nirvana befriended and looked up to for advice. It was under recommendation from...

After attaining mainstream success, Cobain became a devoted champion of lesser known indie bands, covering songs by The Vaselines, Meat Puppets, Wipers and Fang onstage and/ or in...

Nirvana's Unplugged set also included renditions of "The Man Who Sold the World," by British rock musician David Bowie, and the American folk song, "Where Did You Sleep Last Night," as adapted by the...

Nirvana's acoustic Unplugged set, which was released posthumously as an album in 1994, may have provided a hint of Cobain's future musical direction. The record has drawn comparisons to R.E.M.'s 1992 release, Automatic for the...

"Yeah, he talked a lot about what direction he was heading in," Cobain's friend, R.E.M.'s lead singer Michael Stipe, told Newsweek in 1994. "I mean, I know what the next Nirvana recording was going to sound...

Grohl stated that Cobain believed that music comes first and lyrics, second. Cobain focused, foremost, on the melodies of his songs. Cobain...

Cobain originally wanted Nevermind to be divided into two sides: a "Boy" side, for the songs written...

Cobain was affected enough to write the song "Polly" from Nevermind, after reading a newspaper story of an incident in 1987, where a 14-year old girl was kidnapped after attending a punk rock show then raped and tortured...

Cobain immersed himself in artistic projects throughout his life, as much so as he did in songwriting. The sentiments of his art work followed the same subjects of his lyrics, often expressed through a dark and macabre sense of...

Cobain would contribute backing guitar for a spoken word recording of beat poet William S. Burroughs' entitled "The "Priest" They Called...

Love and Cobain met on January 12, 1990, in Portland's Satyricon nightclub,:201 when they both still led...

Cobain was already aware of Love through her role in the 1987 film Straight to Hell. According to True, the pair were formally introduced at an L7 and Butthole Surfers concert in Los Angeles, U.S., in...

On February 24, 1992, a few days after the conclusion of Nirvana's "Pacific Rim" tour, Cobain and Love were...

Kim Gordon sits me down and says, "If you marry him your life is not going to happen, it will destroy your life." But I said,...

Love discovered that she was pregnant with her and Cobain's child around 1992. On August 18, 1992, the couple's daughter Frances Bean Cobain was born. A sonogram of the couple's as-yet-unborn baby was...

In a 1992 article in Vanity Fair, Love admitted to using heroin, not knowing that she was pregnant; however, Love claimed that Vanity...

Due to the claims made in the Vanity Fair article, Seattle child-welfare agents removed the couple's baby daughter for around...

Throughout most of his life, Cobain suffered from chronic bronchitis and intense physical pain due to an...

Cobain's first experience with heroin occurred sometime in 1986, administered to him by a local drug dealer in Tacoma, Washington who had previously supplied him with Percodan.:41 He used heroin sporadically for...

His heroin use began to affect the band's Nevermind supporting tour. One such example came the day of the band's 1992 performance on Saturday Night...

Slowly, Cobain's heroin addiction worsened. His first attempt at rehab was made in early 1992, not long after he and Love discovered they were going to...

Prior to a performance at the New Music Seminar in New York City in July 1993, Cobain suffered a heroin...

Following a tour stop at Terminal Eins in Munich, Germany, on March 1, 1994, Cobain was diagnosed with bronchitis and severe laryngitis. He...

On March 18, 1994, Love phoned the Seattle police informing them that Cobain was suicidal and had locked himself in a room with a gun. Police arrived and confiscated several guns and a bottle of pills from Cobain, who insisted...

Love arranged an intervention regarding Cobain's drug use on March 25, 1994. The ten people involved included musician friends, record company executives, and one of Cobain's closest friends, Dylan Carlson. The...

The following night, Cobain walked outside to have a cigarette, and climbed over a six-foot-high fence to leave the facility...

On April 8, 1994, Cobain's body was discovered at his Lake Washington Blvd home by an electrician named Gary Smith who had arrived to install a security system. Apart from a minor amount of blood coming out of...

A public vigil was held for Cobain on April 10, 1994, at a park at Seattle Center drawing approximately seven thousand mourners.:346 Prerecorded messages by Novoselic and Love were...

He also believed that he knew Cobain would die at an early age, saying that "sometimes you just can't save someone from themselves," and "in some ways, you kind of prepare yourself emotionally for that to be a...

A final ceremony was arranged for Cobain, by his mother, on May 31, 1999, and was attended by both Love and Tracy...

Cobain's artistic endeavors and struggles with heroin addiction, illness and depression, as well as the circumstances of his death have become a frequent topic of fascination, debate, and controversy...

In March 2014, the Seattle police developed four rolls of film that had been left in an evidence vault—a reason was not provided for why...

Cobain has been remembered as one of the most iconic rock musicians in the history of alternative music. In 2003, David Fricke of Rolling Stone ranked him the 12th greatest guitarist of all time. He was later...

In the intervening decade, Cobain, a small, frail but handsome man in life, has become an abstract Generation X icon,...

In 2005, a sign was put up in Aberdeen, Washington, that read "Welcome to Aberdeen â€“ Come As You Are" as a tribute...

Controversy erupted in July 2009 when a monument to Cobain in Aberdeen along the Wishkah River...

Prior to Cobain's death, Azerrad published Come as You Are: The Story of Nirvana, a book chronicling Nirvana's career...

In the 1998 documentary Kurt & Courtney, filmmaker Nick Broomfield investigated Tom Grant's claim that Cobain was actually murdered. He took a film crew to visit a number of people associated with Cobain and Love; Love's father, Cobain's...

"I think that he committed suicide. I don't think there's a smoking gun. And I think there's only one way you...

Journalists Ian Halperin and Max Wallace took a similar path and attempted to investigate any possible...

In 2001, writer Charles R. Cross published a biography of Cobain, titled Heavier Than Heaven. For the book, Cross conducted over 400 interviews, and was given...

In 2002, a sampling of Cobain's writings was published as Journals. The book fills 280 pages with a simple black cover; the pages are arranged somewhat chronologically (although...

Gus Van Sant loosely based his 2005 movie Last Days on the events in the final days of Cobain's life, starring Michael Pitt as Cobain. In...

The inclusion of Cobain as a playable character in the 2009 video game, Guitar Hero 5, upset Novoselic and Grohl, who expressed their dismay at the ability of players to use Cobain with...

Also in 2009, ECW Press released a book titled Grunge is Dead: The Oral History of Seattle Rock Music. Written by Greg Prato, the book explored the history of grunge in detail, touching upon...

In December 2012, during an Art Basel exhibition in Miami, artist Adarsha Benjamin presented her experimental short film,...

A Brett Morgen film, entitled Kurt Cobain: Montage of Heck, will premier at the Sundance Film Festival...


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