Kurt Donald Cobain (February 20, 1967 â€“ April 5, 1994) was an American musician who was best known as the lead singer, guitarist, and primary songwriter of the grunge band Nirvana. Cobain...

After signing with major label DGC Records, the band found breakthrough success with "Smells Like Teen Spirit" from its second album Nevermind (1991). Following the success of...

During the last years of his life, Cobain struggled with heroin addiction, illness and depression. He also had...

Cobain was born on February 20, 1967, at Grays Harbor Hospital in Aberdeen, Washington,...

Cobain's Irish ancestors migrated from Carrickmore, County Tyrone, in the north of Ireland in 1875.:7 Researchers found they were shoemakers, originally named "Cobane," who...

Cobain's family had a musical background: his maternal uncle, Chuck Fradenburg, played in a band called The Beachcombers; his aunt, Mari Earle, played guitar and performed in bands throughout Grays Harbor...

Cobain began developing an interest in music early in life. According to Mari, he began singing at the age of two years. At age four, he started playing the piano and singing, writing a song about a trip to a local park. He listened to...

When Kurt was seven years old, his parents divorced.:20 He later said that the divorce had a profound effect on his life, while his mother noted that his personality changed...

"I remember feeling ashamed, for some reason. I was ashamed of my parents. I couldn't face some of my friends at school anymore, because I desperately wanted to have the classic, you know, typical family. Mother, father. I wanted that...

Cobain's parents both found new partners after the divorce. Although his father had promised not to remarry, after meeting Jenny...

Cobain behaved insolently toward adults during this period of his youth, and began bullying another boy at school. These behaviors...

Kurt's teenage rebellion quickly became overwhelming for his father, who placed his son in the care of family and friends. While living with the born-again...

Although disinterested in sports, Cobain was enrolled in a junior high school wrestling team at the insistence of his father. Kurt was a...

Cobain befriended a homosexual student at school and suffered bullying from heterosexual students who concluded that he was gay. In an interview, he...

Kurt would often draw during school classes as part of his enjoyment of creating visual art. He would draw objects, including those associated with human anatomy. When...

As attested to by several of Cobain's classmates and family members, the first concert he attended was Sammy Hagar and Quarterflash, held at the Seattle Center Coliseum in 1983.:44 Kurt, however, claimed that...

During his second year in high school, Cobain began living with his mother in Aberdeen. Two weeks prior to graduation, he dropped out of Aberdeen High School, upon realizing that he did...

In late 1986, Cobain moved into an apartment, paying his rent by working at "The Polynesian Resort," a Polynesian coastal resort approximately 20 miles...

During his time with Marander, Cobain spent most of his time sleeping into the late evening, watching television, and concentrating on art projects. Her insistence that he get a job caused arguments that influenced Cobain to write...

Soon after his separation from Marander, Cobain began dating Tobi Vail, an influential punk zinester of the riot grrrl band Bikini Kill who embraced the DIY ethos. After meeting Vail, Cobain vomited, as he was so completely...

Cobain and Vail spent most of their time together as a couple discussing political and philosophical issues. In 1990 they collaborated on a...

would play the songs he was writing, I would play the songs I was writing and we'd record them on my dad's...

Slim Moon described their sound as "... like the minimal quiet pop songs that Olympia is known for. Both of them sang; it was really good." Cobain's...

On his 14th birthday on February 20, 1981, Cobain's uncle offered him either a bike or a used guitar—he chose the guitar. Soon, he was...

During high school, Cobain rarely found anyone with whom he could play music. While hanging out at the Melvins' practice space, he...

Religion appeared to remain significant to Cobain during this time, as he often used Christian imagery in his work, and maintained a constant interest...

Cobain was disenchanted after early touring, due to the band's inability to draw substantial crowds and the difficulty of sustaining themselves. During their first few years playing...

With Nevermind's lead single, "Smells Like Teen Spirit," Nirvana entered the mainstream, popularizing a subgenre of alternative rock called "grunge." Since their...

The success of Nevermind provided numerous Seattle bands, such as Alice in Chains, Pearl Jam, and Soundgarden, access to wider...

Cobain struggled to reconcile the massive success of Nirvana with his underground roots. He also felt persecuted by the media, comparing himself to...

Cobain was a vocal supporter of the pro-choice movement and Nirvana was involved in L7's Rock for Choice...

The Beatles were an early and lasting influence on Cobain; his aunt Mari remembers him singing "Hey Jude" at the age of two.:9 "My aunts would...

Cobain was also a fan of 1970s hard rock and heavy metal bands, including Led Zeppelin, AC/DC, Black Sabbath, Aerosmith, Queen,...

Punk rock proved to be a profound influence on a teenaged Cobain's attitude and artistic style. His first punk rock album was Sandinista! by The Clash,:169...

Cobain was also a fan of protopunk acts like the Stooges, whose 1973 album Raw Power he listed as his favorite of all time in his journals, and The Velvet Underground, whose 1968 song "Here She Comes...

The 1980s American alternative rock band Pixies were instrumental in helping an adult Cobain develop his own songwriting style. In a 1992 interview with Melody Maker, Cobain said that hearing their 1988...

Cobain's appreciation of early alternative rock bands also extended to Sonic Youth and R.E.M., both of which the members of...

After attaining mainstream success, Cobain became a devoted champion of lesser known indie bands, covering songs by The Vaselines, Meat Puppets, Wipers and Fang onstage and/ or in the studio, wearing Daniel...

Nirvana's Unplugged set also included renditions of "The Man Who Sold the World," by British rock musician David Bowie, and the American folk song, "Where Did You...

Nirvana's acoustic Unplugged set, which was released posthumously as an album in 1994, may have provided a hint of...

"Yeah, he talked a lot about what direction he was heading in," Cobain's friend, R.E.M.'s lead singer Michael Stipe, told Newsweek in 1994. "I mean, I know what the next Nirvana recording was going to sound like. It was going to be very...

Grohl stated that Cobain believed that music comes first and lyrics, second. Cobain focused, foremost, on the melodies of his songs. Cobain complained when fans and rock journalists attempted to...

Cobain originally wanted Nevermind to be divided into two sides: a "Boy" side, for the songs written about the experiences of his early life and childhood, and a "Girl" side, for...

Cobain was affected enough to write the song "Polly" from Nevermind, after reading a newspaper story of an incident in 1987, where a...

Cobain immersed himself in artistic projects throughout his life, as much so as he did in songwriting. The...

Cobain would contribute backing guitar for a spoken word recording of beat poet William S. Burroughs' entitled...

Love and Cobain met on January 12, 1990, in Portland's Satyricon nightclub,:201 when they both still led...

Cobain was already aware of Love through her role in the 1987 film Straight to Hell. According to True, the pair were formally introduced at an L7 and Butthole Surfers concert in Los Angeles, U.S.,...

On February 24, 1992, a few days after the conclusion of Nirvana's "Pacific Rim" tour, Cobain and Love were married on Waikiki Beach in Hawaii. Love wore a satin...

Kim Gordon sits me down and says, "If you marry him your life is not going to happen, it...

Love discovered that she was pregnant with her and Cobain's child around 1992. On August 18, 1992, the couple's daughter Frances Bean Cobain was born. A sonogram of the couple's...

In a 1992 article in Vanity Fair, Love admitted to using heroin, not knowing that she was pregnant; however, Love claimed that Vanity Fair had misquoted her,:266 but the event created a media...

Due to the claims made in the Vanity Fair article, Seattle child-welfare agents removed the couple's baby daughter for...

Throughout most of his life, Cobain suffered from chronic bronchitis and intense physical pain due to...

Cobain's first experience with heroin occurred sometime in 1986, administered to him by a local drug dealer in...

His heroin use began to affect the band's Nevermind supporting tour. One such example came the day of the band's 1992 performance on Saturday Night Live,...

Slowly, Cobain's heroin addiction worsened. His first attempt at rehab was made in early 1992, not long after he and Love discovered they were going to...

Prior to a performance at the New Music Seminar in New York City in July 1993, Cobain suffered a heroin overdose. Rather than calling for an ambulance, Love injected Cobain with Narcan to bring him...

Following a tour stop at Terminal Eins in Munich, Germany, on March 1, 1994, Cobain was diagnosed with bronchitis and severe laryngitis. He flew to Rome the next day for medical treatment, and was joined there by his...

On March 18, 1994, Love phoned the Seattle police informing them that Cobain was suicidal and had locked himself in a room with a gun. Police arrived and confiscated several guns...

Love arranged an intervention regarding Cobain's drug use on March 25, 1994. The ten people involved...

The following night, Cobain walked outside to have a cigarette, and climbed over a six-foot-high fence to leave the facility (which he had joked earlier in the day would be a stupid feat to attempt). He took a taxi to Los...

On April 8, 1994, Cobain's body was discovered at his Lake Washington Blvd home by an electrician named Gary Smith who had arrived to install a security system. Apart from a minor amount of blood coming out of Cobain's...

A public vigil was held for Cobain on April 10, 1994, at a park at Seattle Center drawing approximately seven thousand mourners.:346...

... probably the worst thing that has happened to me in my life. I remember the day after that I woke up and I was heartbroken that he was...

He also believed that he knew Cobain would die at an early age, saying that "sometimes you just can't save someone from themselves," and "in some ways, you kind of prepare yourself emotionally...

A final ceremony was arranged for Cobain, by his mother, on May 31, 1999, and was attended by both...

Cobain's artistic endeavors and struggles with heroin addiction, illness and depression, as well as the circumstances of his death have become a frequent topic of...

In March 2014, the Seattle police developed four rolls of film that had been left in an evidence vault—a reason was not provided for why the rolls...

Cobain has been remembered as one of the most iconic rock musicians in the history of alternative music. In 2003, David Fricke of Rolling Stone ranked him the 12th...

In the intervening decade, Cobain, a small, frail but handsome man in life, has become an abstract Generation X icon, viewed by many as the 'last real...

In 2005, a sign was put up in Aberdeen, Washington, that read "Welcome to Aberdeen â€“ Come As You Are" as a...

In 2006, Cobain took the place of Elvis Presley as the top-earning deceased celebrity, after the sale of the Nirvana song...

Controversy erupted in July 2009 when a monument to Cobain in Aberdeen along the Wishkah River included the quote "... Drugs are bad for you. They will fuck you up." The city ultimately...

Prior to Cobain's death, Azerrad published Come as You Are: The Story of Nirvana, a book chronicling Nirvana's career from its...

In the 1998 documentary Kurt & Courtney, filmmaker Nick Broomfield investigated Tom Grant's claim that Cobain was actually murdered. He...

"I think that he committed suicide. I don't think there's a smoking gun. And I think there's only one way you can explain a lot of things around his death. Not that he was murdered, but that there was...

Journalists Ian Halperin and Max Wallace took a similar path and attempted to investigate any possible conspiracy for themselves. Their initial work, the 1999 book, Who Killed Kurt Cobain?, argued...

In 2001, writer Charles R. Cross published a biography of Cobain, titled Heavier Than Heaven. For the book, Cross conducted over 400 interviews, and was given access by Courtney Love to Cobain's journals,...

In 2002, a sampling of Cobain's writings was published as Journals. The book fills 280 pages with a simple black cover; the pages are arranged somewhat chronologically...

Gus Van Sant loosely based his 2005 movie Last Days on the events in the final days of Cobain's life, starring Michael Pitt as Cobain. In January 2007, Love began...

The inclusion of Cobain as a playable character in the 2009 video game, Guitar Hero 5, upset Novoselic and Grohl, who expressed their dismay at the ability of players to use Cobain with any song, including those sung by female...

Also in 2009, ECW Press released a book titled Grunge is Dead: The Oral History of Seattle Rock Music. Written by Greg Prato, the book explored the history of grunge in detail,...

In December 2012, during an Art Basel exhibition in Miami, artist Adarsha Benjamin presented her experimental short film, Kurt. On April 10, 2014 Nirvana was inducted into...

A Brett Morgen film, entitled Kurt Cobain: Montage of Heck, will premier at the Sundance Film Festival in January 2015, followed by...


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