Samuel Langhorne Clemens (November 30, 1835 â€“ April 21, 1910), better known by his pen name Mark Twain, was an American author and humorist. He wrote The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1876) and its sequel, Adventures of...

Twain grew up in Hannibal, Missouri, which provided the setting for Huckleberry Finn and Tom Sawyer. After an...

Though Twain earned a great deal of money from his writings and lectures, he invested in ventures that lost a great deal of money, notably the Paige Compositor, a mechanical typesetter, which failed because of its complexity and...

Twain was born shortly after a visit by Halley's Comet, and he predicted that he would "go out with...

Samuel Langhorne Clemens was born in Florida, Missouri, on November 30, 1835. He was the son of Jane (née Lampton; 1803–1890), a native of Kentucky, and John Marshall Clemens (1798–1847), a Virginian. His...

When he was four, Twain's family moved to Hannibal, Missouri, a port town on the Mississippi River that...

In 1847, when Twain was 11, his father died of pneumonia. The next year, he became a printer's apprentice. In 1851, he began working as a typesetter and contributor of articles and...

Twain describes in Life on the Mississippi how, when he was a boy, "there was but one permanent ambition" among his comrades: to be a steamboatman. "Pilot was the grandest position of all. The pilot, even in those days of trivial wages,...

While training, Samuel convinced his younger brother Henry to work with him. Henry was killed on June 21, 1858, when the steamboat he was working on, the Pennsylvania, exploded. Twain had foreseen this...

Twain continued to work on the river and was a river pilot until the American Civil War broke out in 1861 and traffic along the Mississippi was curtailed. At the start...

Twain joined Orion, who in 1861 became secretary to James W. Nye, the governor of Nevada Territory, and headed west. Twain and his brother traveled more than two weeks on a stagecoach across the Great Plains and the Rocky...

Twain's journey ended in the silver-mining town of Virginia City, Nevada, where he became a miner on the Comstock Lode. Working under...

His experiences in the American West inspired Roughing It and his experiences in Angels Camp, California, in Calaveras County,...

Twain moved to San Francisco, in 1864, still as a journalist. He met writers such as Bret Harte and Artemus Ward. The young poet Ina Coolbrith may...

His first success as a writer came when his humorous tall tale, "The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County", was published in a New York weekly, The Saturday Press, on...

In 1867, a local newspaper funded a trip to the Mediterranean. During his tour of Europe and the Middle East, he wrote a popular collection of travel letters, which were later compiled...

Upon returning to the United States, Twain was offered honorary membership in the secret society Scroll and Key of Yale University in 1868. Its devotion to "fellowship, moral and literary...

Throughout 1868, Twain and Olivia Langdon corresponded. Though she rejected his first marriage proposal, two months later, they were engaged. In February 1870, Twain and Langdon were married in Elmira, New...

Twain moved his family to Hartford, Connecticut, where starting in 1873 he arranged the building of a home. In the 1870s and 1880s, Twain and his family summered at Quarry Farm, the home of Olivia's sister, Susan...

Twain was fascinated with science and scientific inquiry. He developed a close and lasting friendship with...

Twain patented three inventions, including an "Improvement in Adjustable and Detachable Straps for Garments" (to...

His book A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court features a time traveler from the contemporary US, using his knowledge of science to introduce modern technology to Arthurian England. This type of...

In 1909, Thomas Edison visited Twain at his home in Redding, Connecticut, and filmed him. Part of the footage was used in The Prince and the Pauper (1909), a two-reel short film. It is said to...

Twain made a substantial amount of money through his writing, but he lost a great deal through investments, mostly in new inventions and technology, particularly the Paige typesetting machine. It was a beautifully...

Twain also lost money through his publishing house, Charles L. Webster and Company, which enjoyed initial success selling the memoirs of Ulysses S. Grant, but went broke soon after, losing money on...

Reacting to the dwindling income Twain and his family closed down their expensive Hartford home and moved to Europe...

Twain's writings and lectures, combined with the help of a new friend, enabled him to recover financially. In fall 1893, he began a 15-year-long friendship...

Twain accepted an offer from Robert Sparrow Smythe to pay off his creditors in full, although he was no longer under any...

Twain was in great demand as a featured speaker, performing solo humorous talks, similar to what would later...

Twain passed through a period of deep depression that began in 1896 when his daughter, Susy, died of meningitis. Olivia's death in 1904 and Jean's on December 24, 1909, deepened his gloom. On...

Twain formed a club in 1906 for girls he viewed as surrogate granddaughters, the Angel Fish and Aquarium Club. The...

I came in with Halley's Comet in 1835. It is coming again next year, and I expect to go out with it. It will be...

His prediction was accurate—Twain died of a heart attack on April 21, 1910, in Redding,...

Twain's funeral was at the "Old Brick" Presbyterian Church in New York. He is buried in his wife's...

Twain began his career writing light, humorous verse, but evolved into a chronicler of the vanities, hypocrisies and murderous acts of mankind. At mid-career, with Huckleberry Finn, he...

A complete bibliography of his works is nearly impossible to compile because of the vast number of pieces written by Twain (often in obscure newspapers) and his use of several different pen names. Additionally, a large portion of...

While writing for the Virginia City newspaper, the Territorial Enterprise in 1863, Clemens met lawyer Tom Fitch, editor of the competing newspaper Virginia Daily Union and known as the "silver-tongued...

Twain's first important work, "The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County", was first published in the New York Saturday Press on November 18, 1865. The only reason it was published there was that his story...

After this burst of popularity, the Sacramento Union commissioned Twain to write letters about his travel experiences. The first journey...

This book is a record of a pleasure trip. If it were a record of a solemn scientific expedition it would have about it the gravity, that...

In 1872, Twain published a second piece of travel literature, Roughing It, as a semi-sequel to Innocents. Roughing It is a semi-autobiographical account of...

Twain's next two works drew on his experiences on the Mississippi River. Old Times on the...

Twain's next major publication was The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, which drew on his youth in Hannibal....

The Prince and the Pauper, despite a storyline that is omnipresent in film and literature today, was not as well received. Telling...

Twain's next major published work, Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, solidified him as a noteworthy American writer. Some have called it the first Great American Novel, and the book has become required reading in many schools...

If you read it, you must stop where the Nigger Jim is stolen from the boys. That is the real end. The rest is...

Near the completion of Huckleberry Finn, Twain wrote Life on the Mississippi, which is said to have heavily influenced the former book. The work recounts Twain's memories and new experiences after a...

After his great work, Twain began turning to his business endeavors to keep them afloat and to stave off the increasing...

Twain next focused on A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court, which featured him making his first big pronouncement of disappointment with...

His next large-scale work, Pudd'nhead Wilson, was written rapidly, as Twain was desperately trying to stave off the bankruptcy. From November 12 to December 14, 1893, Twain wrote 60,000 words...

Like The Prince and the Pauper, this novel also contains the tale of two boys born on the same day who...

The actual title is not clearly established. It was first published serially in Century Magazine, and when it was finally published in book form, Pudd'nhead Wilson appeared as the main title; however, the disputed "subtitles" make the...

Twain's next venture was a work of straight fiction that he called Personal Recollections of Joan of Arc and dedicated to his wife. Twain...

During this time of dire financial straits, Twain published several literary reviews in newspapers to help make ends meet. He famously derided James Fenimore Cooper in his article detailing Cooper's...

Other authors to fall under Twain's attack during this time period (beginning around 1890 until his death)...

Twain's wife died in 1904 while the couple were staying at the Villa di Quarto in Florence; and, after an appropriate period...

Twain's last work was his autobiography, which he dictated and thought would be most entertaining if he went off on whims and tangents in...

Twain's works have been subjected to censorship efforts. According to Stuart (2013) "Leading these banning campaigns,...

Twain's views became more radical as he grew older. In a letter to friend and fellow writer William Dean Howells in 1887, he...

When I finished Carlyle's French Revolution in 1871, I was a Girondin; every time I have read it since, I have read it differently—being influenced...

In the New York Herald, October 16, 1900, Twain describes his transformation and political awakening, in the context of the...

I wanted the American eagle to go screaming into the Pacific ... Why not spread its wings over the Philippines, I asked myself? ... I said to myself, Here are a people who have suffered for three centuries. We can make them as...

But I have thought some more, since then, and I have read carefully the treaty of Paris [which ended the...

It should, it seems to me, be our pleasure and duty to make those people free, and let them deal with their own domestic...

Before 1899, Twain was an ardent imperialist. In the late 1860s and early 1870s, he spoke out strongly in favor of American interests in the Hawaiian Islands. In the mid-1890s he explained...

Twain was critical of imperialism in other countries as well. In Following the Equator, Twain expresses "hatred and condemnation of imperialism of all stripes". He was highly critical of European imperialism, notably of...

During the Philippine-American War, Twain wrote a short pacifist story entitled The War Prayer, which makes the point that humanism and Christianity's preaching...

Twain acknowledged he originally sympathized with the more moderate Girondins of the French Revolution and then shifted his sympathies to the more radical Sansculottes, indeed identifying as "a Marat". Twain supported the...

I am said to be a revolutionist in my sympathies, by birth, by breeding and by principle. I am always on the side of the revolutionists, because...

Twain was an adamant supporter of the abolition of slavery and emancipation of slaves, even going so far to say "Lincoln's Proclamation ... not only set the...

His heart is a cesspool of falsehood, of treachery, and of low and devilish instincts. With him, gratitude is an unknown emotion; and when one does him a kindness, it is safest to...

As counterpoint, Twain's essay on "The Literary Offenses of Fenimore Cooper" offers a much kinder view of Indians. "No, other Indians would have...

Twain was also a staunch supporter of women's rights and an active campaigner for women's suffrage. His...

Twain wrote glowingly about unions in the river boating industry in Life on the Mississippi, which was read in union halls decades later. He supported the labor movement, especially one of the most important unions, the Knights of...

Who are the oppressors? The few: the King, the capitalist, and a handful of other overseers and superintendents. Who are the oppressed? The many: the nations of the earth; the valuable personages; the workers; they...

Twain was opposed to the vivisection practices of his day. His objection was not on a scientific basis but rather an...

I am not interested to know whether vivisection produces results that are profitable to the human race or doesn't. ... The pain which it...

Although Twain was a Presbyterian , he was sometimes critical of organized religion and certain elements of Christianity through his later life. He wrote, for example, "Faith is believing what...

Twain generally avoided publishing his most heretical opinions on religion in his lifetime, and they are known from essays and stories that were published later. In the essay Three Statements of the Eighties in the...

In 1901, Twain criticized the actions of missionary Dr. William Scott Ament (1851–1909) because Ament and other missionaries had...

After his death, Twain's family suppressed some of his work that was especially irreverent toward conventional religion, notably Letters from the Earth, which was not published until his...

Despite these views, he raised money to build a Presbyterian Church in Nevada in 1864, although it has been...

Twain created a reverent portrayal of Joan of Arc, a subject over which he had obsessed for forty years, studied...

Those who knew Twain well late in life recount that he dwelt on the subject of the afterlife, his daughter Clara saying: "Sometimes he believed death ended everything, but most of the time he felt sure of...

Twain's frankest views on religion appeared in his final work Autobiography of Mark Twain, the publication of which started in November...

There is one notable thing about our Christianity: bad, bloody, merciless, money-grabbing, and predatory as it is—in our country particularly...

Twain was a Freemason. He belonged to Polar Star Lodge No. 79 A.F.&A.M., based in St. Louis. He was initiated an Entered Apprentice on May 22, 1861, passed to the degree of Fellow Craft on June 12, and raised to the...

Twain used different pen names before deciding on "'Mark Twain". He signed humorous and imaginative sketches as "Josh" until 1863. Additionally, he used the pen name...

He maintained that his primary pen name came from his years working on Mississippi riverboats, where two fathoms, a depth indicating safe water for passage of boat, was measured on the sounding line. Twain is an...

Captain Isaiah Sellers was not of literary turn or capacity, but he used to jot down brief paragraphs of plain practical information about the river, and sign...

Twain's story about his pen name has been questioned by some with the suggestion that "mark twain" refers to a running bar tab that Twain would regularly incur while drinking at John Piper's saloon in Virginia City,...

Twain's legacy lives on today as his namesakes continue to multiply. Several schools are named after him, including Mark Twain Elementary...

Mark Twain Village is a United States Army installation located in the Südstadt district of Heidelberg,...

Awards in his name proliferate. In 1998, The John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts created the Mark Twain Prize for American Humor, awarded annually. The Mark Twain Award is an award given annually...

Buildings associated with Twain, including some of his many homes, have been preserved as museums. His birthplace is preserved in Florida, Missouri. The Mark Twain Boyhood Home & Museum in Hannibal,...

On December 4, 1985, the United States Postal Service issued a stamped envelope for "Mark Twain and Halley's...

Twain is often depicted wearing a white suit. While there is evidence that suggests that, after Livy's death in 1904, Twain...

Actor Hal Holbrook created a one-man show called Mark Twain Tonight, which he has performed regularly...

Twain was portrayed by Fredric March in the 1944 film The Adventures of Mark Twain. He was later brought to life by James Whitmore in the (similarly titled) 1985 Will Vinton Claymation film The...


- Check Complete Bio in Wikipedia -

Related videos to Mark Twain



Related links to Mark Twain


  • Mark Twain - Wikipedia, the free…
    Samuel Langhorne Clemens (November 30, 1835 – April 21, 1910), better known by his pen name Mark Twain, was an American author and humorist. He is most noted for his novels ...

  • The Official Web Site of Mark Twain
    The Official Web Site of Mark Twain includes a biography, a writings section, photographs, quotes, fast facts, downloads, a web store and more

  • Mark Twain - Complete works of Mark Twain,…
    The complete works of mark twain, searchable format. Also contains a biography and quotes by Mark Twain

  • Mark Twain - Biography and Works. Search…
    Mark Twain. Biography of Mark Twain and a searchable collection of works.

  • PBS - Mark Twain: A Film Directed by Ken…
    Learn about the life and writings of the great American writer, Mark Twain, in this official companion Web site for the Mark Twain film by Florentine Films.

  • Mark Twain in His Times Homepage
    Mark Twain in His Times Written and Directed by Stephen Railton Department of English, University of Virginia Produced by The Electronic Text Center, University of Virginia

  • Mark Twain Biography
    Samuel Langhorne CLEMENS. 1835-1910. Nationality: American Place of Birth: Florida, Missouri, United States Place of Death: Redding, CT, United States

  • Mark Twain: Biography from Answers.com
    Mark Twain , Writer / Humorist Born: 30 November 1835 Birthplace: Florida, Missouri Died: 21 April 1910 (heart failure) Best Known As: The author of

  • Mark Twain Biography - Facts, Birthday,…
    Probe the depth of Mark Twain's life on biography.com, creator of Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn, but also an incredible food writer and public speaker.

  • Mark Twain - Books, Biography, Quotes -…
    Read works by Mark Twain for free at Read Print.