Pythagoras of Samos (/pɪˈθæɡərəs/; Ancient Greek: Πυθαγόρας ὁ...

Pythagoras made influential contributions to philosophy and religion in the late 6th century BC. He is often revered as a great mathematician, mystic, and scientist and is best known for the Pythagorean theorem which bears his...

Accurate facts about the life of Pythagoras are so few that most information concerning him is untrustworthy, making it nearly impossible to provide more than a vague outline of his life. The lack of information by contemporary...

Herodotus, Isocrates, and other early writers all agree that Pythagoras was born on Samos, the Greek island in...

It was natural for the ancient biographers to inquire as to the origins of Pythagoras' remarkable system. In the absence of reliable information, however, a huge range of teachers were...

Diogenes Laërtius reported that Pythagoras had undertaken extensive travels, having not only visited Egypt but also "journeyed among the Chaldaeans and Magi", for the purpose of collecting all...

It is not easy to say how much Pythagoras learned from the Egyptian priests, or indeed, whether he learned anything at...

There is little direct evidence as to the kind and amount of knowledge which Pythagoras acquired, or as to his definite...

Many mathematical and scientific discoveries were attributed to Pythagoras, including his famous theorem, But it was the religious...

After his travels, Pythagoras moved (around 530 BC) to Croton, in Italy (Magna Graecia). Possibly the tyranny of Polycrates in Samos made it difficult for him to...

His followers established a select brotherhood or club for the purpose of pursuing the religious and ascetic practices developed by their master. The accounts agree that what was done and taught among the members was kept a profound secret....

Such an aristocratic and exclusive club could easily have made many people in Croton jealous and hostile, and this seems to have led to its destruction. The circumstances, however, are uncertain. Conflict seems to have...

As an active and organised brotherhood the Pythagorean order was everywhere suppressed, and did not again revive. Still...

No texts by Pythagoras are known to have survived, although forgeries under his name — a few of which remain extant...

The so-called Pythagoreans, who were the first to take up mathematics, not only advanced this subject, but saturated...

There are good reasons to believe that Pythagoras never dealt with Mathematics at all. Therefore, although the mathematical ideas exposed below circulated among the Pythagoreans, they may well...

Since the fourth century AD, Pythagoras has commonly been given credit for discovering the...

While the theorem that now bears his name was known and previously utilized by the Babylonians and Indians, he, or his...

According to legend, the way Pythagoras discovered that musical notes could be translated into mathematical equations was when he passed blacksmiths at work one day and...

This legend has since proven to be false by virtue of the fact that these ratios are only relevant to string length (such as the string of...

Pythagoreans elaborated on a theory of numbers, the exact meaning of which is still debated among scholars. Another belief attributed to Pythagoras was that of the...

Pythagoras was also credited with devising the tetractys, the triangular figure of four rows which add up to...

Pythagoras' religious and scientific views were, in his opinion, inseparably interconnected. Religiously, Pythagoras was a believer of metempsychosis. He believed in transmigration, or the reincarnation of the soul again and again...

Pythagoras became the subject of elaborate legends surrounding his historic persona. Aristotle described Pythagoras as a wonder-worker and somewhat...

Pythagoras asserted he could write on the moon. His plan of operation was to write on a looking-glass in blood, and place it opposite the...

Both Plato and Isocrates affirm that, above all else, Pythagoras was famous for leaving behind him a way of life. Both Iamblichus and Porphyry give...

Pythagoras set up an organization which was in some ways a school, in some ways a brotherhood (and here it should be noted that sources indicate that...

As to the internal arrangements of the sect, we are informed that what was done and taught among the members was kept a profound secret...

There were ascetic practices (many of which had, perhaps, a symbolic meaning) in the way of life of the sect. Some represent Pythagoras as forbidding all...

Considerable importance seems to have been attached to music and gymnastics in the daily exercises of the disciples. Their whole discipline...

Pythagoras, or in a broader sense, the Pythagoreans, allegedly exercised an important influence on the work of Plato. According to R. M. Hare, this...

Aristotle claimed that the philosophy of Plato closely followed the teachings of the Pythagoreans, and...

Pythagoras was the first person known to have taught the earth was spherical, with antipodes and that it...

Pythagoras started a secret society called the Pythagorean Brotherhood devoted to the study of mathematics. This had a great effect on future esoteric traditions, such...

Only a few relevant source texts deal with Pythagoras and the Pythagoreans, most are available in different translations. Other...


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